The World Happiness Report is a publication that presents findings of an annual international study on happiness. This study compares and ranks 156 countries according to the happiness level of their peoples, on a yearly basis. Happiness level is scored from individuals’ personal assessments of their lives. Attempt is thereafter made to explain the happiness level scored, by relating it to six chosen variables: gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity and absence of corruption. Singapore fared quite well in this study, since its inception in 2012. She has been ranked the happiest nation in Asia for 2012-2017 and second happiest nation in Asia for 2018-2019. Below are the 2019 world rankings for selected countries, as concluded by this study.
The latest World Happiness Report 2019 is available at https://s3.amazonaws.com/happiness-report/2019/WHR19.pdf. Question a) Discuss reasons why it may be useful to study the topic of happiness via research. (240 words) b) Recognise and explain why this happiness study is deemed to have used non- experimental research design, with evidence provided. In relation, suggest and analyse possible operational and ethical considerations that would discourage the use of experimental research design for this happiness study. (600 words) c) Appraise and justify whether measurements taken by this happiness study are adequately valid and conclusions made by this happiness study are adequately robust. Develop recommendations on how to further enhance the validity of measurements and/or the robustness of conclusions for this happiness study, beyond the current level. (360 words)