Week 5 Reading Quiz

  • Question 1

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    As part of their pro-Hashimite strategy following WWI, the British appointed Sharif Husayn’s two sons, Faysal and Abdallah, as leaders of which two countries?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Iraq and Jordan
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 2

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Envisioned as a step along the road to Arab unity, the creation of the United Arab Republic in 1958 was a total union between which two countries?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Egypt and Syria

    Answers:

    Egypt and Sudan

    Correct

    Egypt and Syria

    Egypt and Saudi Arabia

    Egypt and Palestine

  • Question 3

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    From the end of World War II to the 1960s, which city was viewed as a glittering metropolis that served as an economic and cultural bridge between the West and the Middle East?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Beirut
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 4

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    How did Nasser’s Egypt assert its leadership of the Pan-Arab movement?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    All of these answers are correct.

    Answers:

    Nasser intervened in the affairs of other Arab states.

    Nasser established the short-lived United Arab Republic.

    Cairo aired propaganda throughout the Arab world on radio broadcasts.

    Correct

    All of these answers are correct.

  • Question 5

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Territorial losses of the June War of 1967 include ______________________.
    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    the West Bank in Jordan
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 6

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    The Kurds in Iraq are concentrated in __________________.
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    the north of the country
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 7

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    The blocking of the Straights of Tiran was a major cause in starting which war?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The June War of 1967
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 8

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    What event led to Anthony Eden’s being described as “the last British Prime Minister to believe that Britain was a Great Power and the first to confront a crisis which proved beyond doubt that she was not”?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The 1956 Suez War

    Answers:

    The 1967 Arab-Israeli War

    Correct

    The 1956 Suez War

    The 1952 Free Officers’ coup d’état

    The 1953 Anglo-Egyptian Agreement

  • Question 9

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    What implications did the Arab-Israeli war of 1948 have on Transjordan?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The war left Transjordan in control of the West Bank and a Palestinian population larger than the existing Transjordanian population
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 10

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    What major achievement transformed Nasser into a heroic national figure?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Nationalizing the Suez Canal

    Answers:

    His response during the 1948 war

    Correct

    Nationalizing the Suez Canal

    The 1967 War

    The demonstrations held on Black Saturday

  • Question 11

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    What was the state of political parties in Egypt after the 1952 revolution?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    All political parties were banned

    Answers:

    Political parties multiplied with the overthrow of the monarchy

    The Free Officers party supported the Wafd as the preeminent political party

    Islamist parties rose to positions of power

    Correct

    All political parties were banned

  • Question 12

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which group overthrew the Egyptian regime of King Faruq on July 23, 1952?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    the Free Officers

    Answers:

    the Wafd Party

    the British military

    the Muslim Brotherhood

    Correct

    the Free Officers

  • Question 13

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following was a result of Nasser’s Agrarian Reform Law of 1952?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    All of these were a result of Nasser’s Agrarian Reform Law.

    Answers:

    The amount of land any one individual could own was limited.

    Land surpluses were redistributed to peasants and land tenants.

    The law reduced the political and economic power of the landholding elite.

    Correct

    All of these were a result of Nasser’s Agrarian Reform Law.

  • Question 14

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following most accurately describes Hasan al-Banna?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The founder of the Muslim Brotherhood

    Answers:

    The leader of the Free Officers during the 1952 coup d’état

    The chief ideologue of the Wafd Party

    Correct

    The founder of the Muslim Brotherhood

    A key figure in the development of Arab socialism

  • Question 15

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe the United Arab Republic (UAR)?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Most Syrians opposed the union and consequently came out to protest Nasser’s arrival in Syria

    Answers:

    The impetus for the union came from members of the Ba’th Party in Syria who feared the growing strength of the communists

    Correct

    Most Syrians opposed the union and consequently came out to protest Nasser’s arrival in Syria

    It only lasted for 3 years (1958-1961)

    Syrian political parties were abolished during the union

  • Question 16

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following best describes the Baghdad Pact?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    An attempt to extend the policy of containment to the Arab states through the use of British influence

    Answers:

    An alliance among Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan that was the first concrete political manifestation of Arab nationalism

    An alliance among Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, and Iraq that set an institutional groundwork for Islamic-based political unity

    A British attempt to reinstate the mandate system in Iraq and Egypt

    Correct

    An attempt to extend the policy of containment to the Arab states through the use of British influence

  • Question 17

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Which of the following was NOT a result of the Egyptian role in Yemen’s civil war?

    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    Division among Arabs, particularly Saudi Arabia versus Egypt

    Answers:

    Division among Arabs, particularly Saudi Arabia versus Egypt

    Egyptian military defeats

    Egypt’s turn to more subtle forms of Arab leadership, through cultural outlets in the film and radio industries

    Correct

    Nasser relinquished his position as leader of the reformist bloc of Arab states

  • Question 18

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following is TRUE regarding Nasser’s societal reforms of the 1960s?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Nationalization of the economy amounted to women entering the public workforce in ever-greater numbers

    Answers:

    Adult illiteracy was nearly abolished

    Correct

    Nationalization of the economy amounted to women entering the public workforce in ever-greater numbers

    With the regime’s encouragement, the majority of students entered into scientific and technical fields

    The abolishment of shari?ah law included progressive family law reforms
    5 true/false questions
    For these questions, indicate whether the statement is either True or False.

  • Question 19

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Nasser regime’s approach to education reform?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Women faculty and students were not permitted within universities.

    Answers:

    The state abolished tuition fees at universities.

    A 1962 proclamation guaranteed a job for every university graduate.

    Correct

    Women faculty and students were not permitted within universities.

    The educational system was vastly overcrowded.

  • Question 20

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following best explains Nasser’s actions in the lead-up to the 1967 war?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Nasser saw an opportunity to further play up his image as the leader of Pan-Arabism, and failed to realize how much the situation would spiral out of his control
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 21

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Which of the following is NOT a similarity that Qasim and Nasser shared?
    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    Both refused to agree to the Baghdad Pact
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 22

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Which of the following is NOT an accurate description of the aftermath of the June War?
    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    New Palestinian military and political organizations rose to prominence
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 23

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is NOT true about the origins of the Ba’th Party?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    It supported monarchy
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 24

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is NOT true of the 1967 War?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The Arab armies attacked Israel in the hope of destroying it
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 25

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following most accurately describes a za’im?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    A political boss from a leading family in a given region who manipulates elections and distributes political favors and financial rewards
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 26

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following statements most accurately describes Mustafa al-Barzani?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    He was a Kurdish nationalist leader in Iraq who led a rebellion against the regime (1961-1963)
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 27

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following statements most accurately represents the ideas expressed by the Ba’th party ideologue Michel Aflaq?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    He believed in the existence of a single Arab nation and was committed to achieving Arab unity
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 28

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of these was NOT a result of the Suez Crisis?

    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Israel annexed territory in Egypt.

    Answers:

    Nasser became the recognized hero of the Arab nationalist cause.

    British influence in the Middle East all but ended.

    The United Arab Republic was formed.

    Correct

    Israel annexed territory in Egypt.

  • Question 29

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which youth organization in the region was influenced by European fascist political parties?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The Phalange in Lebanon
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 30

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Who did the Free Officers choose to serve as the movement’s figurehead leader and, subsequently, as both prime minister and president after the coup?

    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    Gamal Abd al-Nasser

    Answers:

    Gamal Abd al-Nasser

    Hasan al-Banna

    Correct

    Muhammad Naguib

    Umm Kalthum

  • Question 31

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    In 1945 both Iran and Turkey were confronted with threats to their sovereignty by __________________.
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    the Soviet Union
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 32

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Iran’s 1963 White Revolution refers to _____________.
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    the shah’s reform proposals
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 33

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    The coup d’état of 1960 was lead by a military general and was carried out for the purpose of
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    preserving the principles of Kemalism from which the Democratic Party-led government had strayed
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 34

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    What did President Inönü do to address the discontent among the business sector, peasantry, intellectual, and political classes in Turkish society in the 1940s?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    He permitted greater freedom of expression in political dissent
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 35

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    What instance of Soviet expansionism led to an offer of US financial and military assistance to Turkey in 1945?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Moscow both made claims on Turkish territory in eastern Anatolia and demanded a great share in governing and policing the Turkish Straits
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 36

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which leader did the CIA help to overthrow?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Muhammad Mosaddiq
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 37

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following accurately defines the “marriage of inconvenience” led by Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit in the 1970s?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Coalition government formed between the Republicans and the National Salvation Party
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 38

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following best describes the Truman Doctrine?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    An American doctrine designed to prevent Soviet expansion
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 39

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following does NOT accurately describe the Turkish Democratic Party’s policies in the 1950s?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The party introduced strict secularization measures
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 40

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following groups did NOT participate in Iran’s National Front?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The military
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 41

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is NOT true about the White Revolution?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    It further restricted education and employment opportunities for women
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 42

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is NOT true of Muhammad Mosaddiq?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    As prime minister, he developed a close relationship with the United States.
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 43

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Which of the following is NOT true of the Cyprus Question?
    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    The dispute remains an unresolved source of tension between Turkey and Greece today
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 44

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is true of Turkey’s foreign policy outlook following the Cyprus question?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Turkey strengthened its diplomatic relationships with other countries, including the Soviet Union
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 45

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is true of the Democratic Party’s actions in Turkey from 1950 to 1960?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The Democratic Party capitalized on spiritual poverty contextualized by growing economic poverty
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 46

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following led to entrenchment of both the extreme Right and Left in Turkey and thus polarization of the civil service during the 1970s?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Both of the mainstream parties, Republican and Justice, granted excessive favors to the minority parties in order to attract them as coalition partners
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 47

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following led to the 1980 coup d’état in Turkey?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Both the Kurdish separatists’ increased activity and the rise of Islamic revivalism
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 48

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following most accurately describes SAVAK?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    Iran’s internal security organization established with US and Israeli assistance
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 49

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Which of the following statements best describes similarities between the Turkish and Iranian militaries between the 1950s and 1970s?
    Selected Answer:

    Incorrect

    None of these answers is correct
    Answers:

    Correct

  • Question 50

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following statements most accurately describes Turkey’s military between the 1950s and 1970s?
    Selected Answer:

    Correct

    The military sought to stabilize politics in Turkey, not to gain power
    Answers:

    Correct

 
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