week 4 reading quiz

  • Question 1

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    A 1937 election established the principle that, in Lebanon, the president is always a Christian, and the Prime Minister is always a Sunni Muslim.

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    True

    Answers:
    Correct

    True

    False
    5 fill-in-the-blank questions
    For these questions, select the correct word or phrase to complete the statement.

  • Question 2

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    A key element to France’s imperial rule in Greater Syria was its promotion of national unity.

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    False

    Answers:

    True

    Correct

    False

  • Question 3

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    After the four colonels (the Golden Square) led an assault on British forces in 1941, how did Britain respond?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    All of these answers are correct
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 4

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    All of the following are true regarding the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian treaty EXCEPT
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    It abolished Britain’s right to keep a military presence in the Suez Canal zone
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 5

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Antun Sa?adah, a Lebanese Christian who founded the Syrian Social Nationalist Party in Beirut in 1932, was:

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    A Syrian regional nationalist who believed that Syrian history transcended Arab, Islamic, and Christian history, and emphasized its ancient Phoenician heritage

    Answers:
    Correct

    A Syrian regional nationalist who believed that Syrian history transcended Arab, Islamic, and Christian history, and emphasized its ancient Phoenician heritage

    A Syrian regional nationalist who saw Syria’s Arab identity as a source of Arab unity that transcended religious and sectarian differences

    An advocate of Christian Arabs who stressed the need for Christians in Syria and Lebanon to unite

    None of these answers accurately describe Antun Sa’adah

  • Question 6

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    As per the 1937 election, which principle emerged as a result of the establishment of a Maronite president and a Sunni prime minister?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Power-sharing

    Answers:
    Correct

    Power-sharing

    Religious intolerance

    Divide and rule

    Secularism

  • Question 7

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Between 1902 and the end of World War I, Ibn Sa?ud was able to bring most of the Najd tribes under his authority. What was the reason for his success?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    He combined his position as victorious tribal leader with his religious status as the head of the Wahhabi

    Answers:

    He combined his position as victorious tribal leader with his contacts to the leaders of European powers

    Correct

    He combined his position as victorious tribal leader with his religious status as the head of the Wahhabi

    He used his religious status as the head of the Wahhabi to rule with an iron fist

    None of these answers is correct.

  • Question 8

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    “Confessional politics,” or the apportionment of power among various religious communities, best characterizes the political system in which country?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Lebanon

    Answers:

    Egypt

    Iraq

    Correct

    Lebanon

    Syria

  • Question 9

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Despite the efforts of the British to award the vacant position of Prime Minister to a Wafd Party leader, King Faruq’s choice, Axis-sympathizer Ali Mahir, assumed the post.
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    True

    Answers:

    True

    Correct

    False

  • Question 10

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    During Iraq’s formative political years, the British supported which group’s ascent to political prominence?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    The Sunni Arabs
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 11

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    During World War II, Istanbul was the headquarters of the Middle East supply center.
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    False

    Answers:

    True

    Correct

    False

  • Question 12

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    France’s creation of Greater Lebanon in 1920 mainly benefited this religious group by establishing them as the largest religious community within the territory.

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Maronite Christians

    Answers:

    Sunni Muslims

    Correct

    Maronite Christians

    Shi’a Muslims

    Druze

  • Question 13

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    How did the Shi?a come to be underrepresented in Lebanon’s power-sharing structure?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Through the National Pact compromise of 1943

    Answers:
    Correct

    Through the National Pact compromise of 1943

    Through the dictates of the French high commissioner in 1943

    As a minority group in a newly emerging parliamentary system, Shi’a representation was muffled by the Sunni majority

    In a twisted attempt to impose their version of Ottoman tradition, the French fostered a favoritism of the Sunnis over other groups

  • Question 14

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    How were the Anglo-Iraqi treaty of 1930 and Franco-Syrian draft treaty of 1936 similar?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    All of these answers are correct

    Answers:

    Both granted the Middle Eastern states admission to the League of Nations

    Both permitted the former mandate rulers to maintain military bases

    Both permitted the former mandate rulers to defend the sovereignty of the Middle Eastern states

    Correct

    All of these answers are correct

  • Question 15

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    In 1922, France encouraged political fragmentation by providing minority groups-the Druze and the Alawites-separate states within Syria proper.

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    True

    Answers:
    Correct

    True

    False

  • Question 16

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    In 1941, the Iraqi army surrounded the British air base near Baghdad and essentially started a war between Britain and Iraq. Iraq was triumphant.
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    False

    Answers:

    True

    Correct

    False

  • Question 17

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    In what way was the Syrian National Bloc similar to the Egyptian Wafd party and Nuri al-Said’s coalition in Iraq?

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    All of these statements are true of these three political movements

    Answers:
    Correct

    All three were established by land-owning notables, who saw themselves as legitimate intermediaries between the Europeans and their respective populations

    Independence from France and Britain was the primary goal of all three

    All three sought to transcend sectarian divisions

    All of these statements are true of these three political movements

  • Question 18

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    In which of the following ways did sectarianism become a trend in Iraqi politics?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    All of these answers are correct
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 19

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Its 1926 constitution granted Lebanon complete independence.

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    True

    Answers:

    True

    Correct

    False

  • Question 20

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Sons from the Sunni urban notable families made up the majority of the Syrian military.

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    False

    Answers:

    True

    Correct

    False

  • Question 21

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    The British, desiring a leader for Iraq with whom they could work and who would be acceptable to a broad cross-section of the Iraqi population, chose _______________.
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Amir Faysal
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 22

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    The Egyptian Wafd Party was formed by which of the following groups in 1918?
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    Disaffected members of the religious establishment who were opposed to Egypt’s foreign-inspired parliamentary regime
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 23

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    The appeal of the Muslim Brotherhood was widespread and cut across class lines.
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    True

    Answers:
    Correct

    True

    False

  • Question 24

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    The success of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and the head of the Wahhabi order, Ibn Sa’ud, in Arabia are evidence of _______________.

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    desire for a segregated society

    Answers:

    Pan-Arab unity

    regional unity

    Correct

    Islamic awareness

    desire for a segregated society

  • Question 25

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Transjordan’s Abdallah’s unequivocal support for Britain soured his reputation in Arab nationalist circles.
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    False

    Answers:
    Correct

    True

    False

  • Question 26

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    What did Britain and the Free French leader Charles de Gaulle agree to on the eve of their joint invasion of Syria and Lebanon in 1941?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Both Syria and Lebanon would be granted immediate independence

    Answers:

    Syria and Lebanon would both be placed under the control of the Free French government

    Syria would come under British influence and Lebanon under French influence

    Lebanon would come under British influence and Syria under French influence

    Correct

    Both Syria and Lebanon would be granted immediate independence

  • Question 27

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    What did Huda Sha’rawi and Taha Husayn share in common?
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    Through Islamic discourse, they called for the dismantlement of any British influence in Egypt
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 28

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    What did Taha Husayn stress in his book Mustaqbal al-Thaqafah fi Misr (The Future of Culture in Egypt)?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Egypt’s Mediterranean heritage and contribution to Greek civilization
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 29

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    What parallel(s) can be drawn between Nuri al-Sa?id’s ruling coalition in Iraq after the Rashid Ali movement and the Wafd Party in Egypt after the February Fourth Incident?
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    All of these are true parallels between Nuri al-Sa?id and the Egyptian Wafd
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 30

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    What was Saudi Arabia’s main source of state revenue in the 1930s?

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    Date palms and other agricultural goods
    5 true/false questions
    For these questions, indicate whether the statement is either True or False.

    Answers:

    Petroleum, with the help of British companies

    Petroleum, with the help of US companies

    Correct

    Annual pilgrimages to Mecca

    Date palms and other agricultural goods
    5 true/false questions
    For these questions, indicate whether the statement is either True or False.

  • Question 31

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    What was unusual about the military coups that took place in Iraq between 1936 and 1941?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    The military did not take over the government, but installed civilian leaders after each coup
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 32

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    What well-publicized gesture of social freedom did the founder of the Egyptian Feminist Union Huda Sha’rawi and her associate Saiza Nabrawi make in 1923?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    They removed their veils at Cairo’s main railway station
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 33

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    When did Britain impose its version of independence on Egypt?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    1922
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 34

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which Islamic reformist was the leader of the Salafiyyah movement?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Rashid Rida

    Answers:
    Correct

    Rashid Rida

    Muhammad Abduh

    Abd al-Wahhab

    Rashid Ali

  • Question 35

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Which of the following is NOT true about the great revolt of 1925-1927?

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    The French were driven out of the Jabal Druze by an armed uprising led by the local chieftain

    Answers:
    Correct

    The revolt convinced French policymakers to renounce their plans for controlling Syria

    The revolt quickly expanded from a local rebellion in Jabal Druze to a national movement of resistance

    The French were driven out of the Jabal Druze by an armed uprising led by the local chieftain

    Some 6,000 Syrians died throughout the revolt’s duration

  • Question 36

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Which of the following was a crucial political issue facing Lebanon in the 1930s?

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    All of these answers are correct

    Answers:

    Anti-French revolts

    Correct

    The conflicting aspirations of Christians and Muslims

    The lack of a constitution

    All of these answers are correct

  • Question 37

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following is NOT true about the 1932 Lebanese census?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    It did not include the Druze

    Answers:

    It was the last official census taken in Lebanon

    Correct

    It did not include the Druze

    It determined that all Christians outnumbered all Muslims by six to five

    It answered for sectarian representation in political bodies

  • Question 38

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following most accurately describes the ideas of Sati al-Husri?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Al-Husri argued that Arabs constituted a single nation and should therefore be united in a single Arab state

    Answers:

    Al-Husri argued that language was an insignificant component of nationhood

    Al-Husri argued that religion was the most important prerequisite for nationhood

    Correct

    Al-Husri argued that Arabs constituted a single nation and should therefore be united in a single Arab state

    Al-Husri argued that the Arab nation did not possess the necessary components required for nationhood

  • Question 39

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following does NOT accurately describe Lebanon’s National Pact (1943)?

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    It stated that a new census would be held before every new election to determine an accurate division of representation

    Answers:

    It spelled out the formula for sectarian representation in the Lebanese chamber of deputies

    It determined each sect’s level of political representation based on the 1932 census figures

    Correct

    It stated that a new census would be held before every new election to determine an accurate division of representation

    It enshrined sectarian confessional politics as the basis for the Lebanese political system

  • Question 40

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct

    Which of the following does NOT accurately describe the terms of Treaty of Jiddah (1927)

    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    It recognized Britain’s rights to maintain a naval base at the Gulf of Aden to protect shipping to and from the Suez Canal

    Answers:

    It recognized Ibn Sa?ud as the sovereign king of the Hijaz

    It recognized Ibn Sa?ud as the sultan of the Najd and its dependencies

    In the treaty Ibn Sa?ud recognized Britain’s special relationship with the coastal rulers and pledged to respect their domains

    Correct

    It recognized Britain’s rights to maintain a naval base at the Gulf of Aden to protect shipping to and from the Suez Canal

  • Question 41

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Which of the following most accurately describes sectarian divisions in Syria?

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    None of these statements accurately describe sectarian divisions in Syria

    Answers:

    The relationship among Druze, Alawites, Christians, and Sunni Arabs has always been extremely tense, characterized by frequent episodes of sectarian violence

    There are few sectarian divisions as Syria’s population is ethnically and religiously monotonous

    Correct

    France isolated the Druze and the Alawites from national politics, ensuring Syrian political life would be under the sway of urban Sunni Muslims

    None of these statements accurately describe sectarian divisions in Syria

  • Question 42

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect

    Which of the following is NOT true about the French control of Syria?

    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    The French method of governing discouraged local politicians from practicing self-government

    Answers:

    Local Syrian governors and district commissioners were not granted independent decision-making authority

    The French method of governing discouraged local politicians from practicing self-government

    Decision-making authority rested with the French high commissioner and his staff was based in Beirut

    Correct

    The French ensured their position in the region through indirect rule

  • Question 43

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following events triggered the 1919 revolution in Egypt?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Britain’s exile of Sa?d Zaghlul to Malta
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 44

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Which of the following is NOT true about Transjordan?
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    Transjordan was a British mandate
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 45

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is NOT true about the February Fourth Incident?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    The dispute between the British and King Faruq was over who should fill the vacant position of Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 46

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is NOT true of the Wafd Party?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    The Wafd Party won only a small number of parliament seats in its first election
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 47

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following is true of Abdallah of Transjordan?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    All of these answers are correct
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 48

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Which of the following statements accurately describes the impact that World War II had on the Egyptian economy?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    All of these statements accurately describe Egypt’s economy during WWII
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 49

    0 out of 0.5 points

    Incorrect
    Which of the following was NOT included in Iraq’s Organic Law (1925)?
    Selected Answer:
    Incorrect

    The creation of a bicameral legislative system
    Answers:
    Correct

  • Question 50

    0.5 out of 0.5 points

    Correct
    Who founded the Muslim Brotherhood?
    Selected Answer:
    Correct

    Hasan al-Banna
    Answers:
    Correct

 
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