Saint Leo University
School of Education and Social Services
Graduate Studies in Criminal Justice
Instructor: Dr. Carla Miller Coates
Course Number: MCJ 590 (3 Credits)
Prerequisites: Master of Science Master of Arts in Criminal Justice
Office Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Monday through Friday & Saturday and Sunday 11:00 am to 6:00 pm.
Office Telephone: 540-760-9704 (cell phone): please feel free to send me a text as well. Include your name and the name of the course.
Course Dates: Starts- April 29, 2019 Ends- August 18, 2019
Class Meetings: Collaborate Conferences Dates and times listed below
Credit Hours: 6
Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the Masters of Science in Criminal Justice Program
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: (2001). 6th Edition, Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Recommended Textbooks/Academic Journals:
Babbie, E. (2000). The Practice of Social Research, 9th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Campbell, D.T.& Stanley, J.C. (1963). Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Cavanagh, M.E. & Helba, S. (2003). Policing within Professional Framework. Upper
Saddle River, JH: Prentice Hall.
Chelimsky, E. (1997). The Coming Transformations in Evaluations. In E.Chelimsky & W.R. Shadish (Eds.), Evaluations for the 21st century: A handbook (pp. 1-26). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cole, G.G. & Gertz, M.G. (2002). The Criminal Justice System: Politics and Policies, 8th
ed., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Cook, T.D. (1997). Lessons Learned in Evaluation Over the Past 25 years. In E.
Chelimsky & W.R. Shadish (Eds.), Evaluations for 21st Century: A Handbook (pp.30-52). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Fields, C. (1999). Controversial Issues in Corrections. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon
Fuller, J. and Hickey, E. (1999). Controversial Issues in Criminology. Boston, MA:
Allyn and Bacon.
Hagan, J. (2000). Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology, 5th ed.
Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Hancock, B.W. & Sharp, P.M. (2004). Public Policy, Crime, and Criminal Justice. Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Horvath, F. (1999). Controversial Issues in Criminal Justice. Boston MA: Allyn and
Houston, J. & Parsons, W.W. (1998). Criminal Justice and the Policy Process.
Mark, M.M., Henry, G.T., & Julnes, G. (2000). Evaluation: An Integrated Framework for Understanding, Guiding and Improving Policies and Programs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Moore, M.H. (1994). Research Synthesis and Policy Implications. In D.P. Rosenbaum
(Ed.), The Challenge of Community Policing: Testing the Promises (pp. 285-299). London: Sage.
Newcomer, K.E., Hatry, H.P. and Wholey, J.S. (1994). Meeting the need for practical
evaluation approaches: an introduction. In JS. Wholey, H.P. Hatry & K.E. Newcomer (EDS), Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation (pp. 1-10). SanFrancisco:Jossey-Bass.
Patton, M.Q. 1997. Utilization-focused Evaluation: The New Century Text. Thousand
Oaks, CA: Sage.
Pawson, R., Tilley, N. (1997). Realistic Evaluation. London: Sage.
Peak, K. (2003). Justice Administration: Police, Courts and Corrections Management.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Peak, K. and Glensor, R. (1999). Community Policing and Problem Solving, 2nd edition.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Posavac, E.J. & Carey, R.G. (1989). Program evaluation: Methods and case Studies.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Prentice Hall.
Potter, G.W., & Kappeler, V.E. (2002). Research Ethics and Research Funding: A case
study of easy virtue. In M.C. Braswell, B.R. McCarthy, & B.J. McCarthy (Eds.), Justice, Crime, and Ethics, 4th ed. (pp. 375-394). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.
Rossi, P.H., Freeman, H.E. and Lipsey, M.W. (1999). Evaluation: A Systematic
Approach, 6th ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Ryan, M. & Wall, D.S. (2001). Policy Networks in Criminal Justice. Great Britain:
Sewell, J. (1999). Controversial Issues in Law Enforcement. Boston, MA: Allyn and
Shadish, W.J., Cook, T.D. and Leviton, L.C. (1991). Foundations of Program
Evaluation: Theories of Practice. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Sherman, L.W., et al. (1997). Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t: What’s
Promising: A Report to the United States Congress. Technical Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.
Stoltz, B.A. (2002). Criminal Justice Policy Making: Federal Approaches and Issues.
Westport, CT: Green wood Publishing Group
Swanson, M., Territo, L. and Taylor, B. (2005). Police Administration: Structure
Processes and Behavior, 6th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Weiss, C.H. (1998). Evaluation: Methods for Studying Programs and Policies. 2nd ed.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Welsh, W.N. & Harris, P.W. (1999). Criminal Justice Policy and Planning. Cincinnati:
Anderson Publishing Company.
Please review the following collaborate session before our first meeting on Monday. This should answer many questions for this class.
This course is designed to be a capstone project in which the student will use all the skills, attitudes and knowledge acquired from the program curriculum to address an important problem or launch a program initiative related to the administration of criminal justice. The objective of this course is primarily an outcomes assessment for the Graduate Program. For successful completion of this course and the Master of Science in Criminal Justice Administration degree requirements, students must demonstrate both a mastery of the curriculum content, and an articulated ability to apply what has been learned to professional endeavors.
The current criminal system is complex and places critical demands on those who must supervise and manage its organizations. The criminal justice administrator must possess highly developed analytical and problem-solving skills. In this course the student is expected to demonstrate the highest level of academic and professional skills as applied to a “real-world” problem. Upon completion of this course students should be able to:
- Demonstrate the skills, attitudes and knowledge acquired from the Master of Science in Criminal Justice Administration program curriculum to address a problem or to launch an initiative.
- Apply what has been learned in the curriculum content to a “real-world” situation.
- Define a problem specific to the student’s agency or community.
- Summarize factors bearing on the problem or initiative identified.
- Elaborate on the factors identified and critically analyze their significance.
- Produce a list of possible solutions to the problem.
- Evaluate the possible solutions and conclude which solution (s) is most persuasive.
- Recommend a final recommended action or series of actions.
- Write a draft of an Administrative Position Paper detailing your problem-solving proposal according to specific guidelines provided by your professor.
- Write the final Administrative Position Paper according to specific guidelines that reflects the highest academic and professional standards.
The following represents the point values assigned for the various course assignments as well as the final grade scale.
Information Gathering and Analysis: The student must utilize supporting documentation for the paper that includes library, networking, and computer-based research for the gathering of sufficient information to successfully complete the paper.
Paper Organization: The student must demonstrate the ability to organize and present a coherent paper.
Theoretical Integration and Application: The student must demonstrate the ability to integrate theoretical knowledge with concrete information and to apply the strategies that will support the paper. The work should represent student own originality of information.
NOTE: Excluding the reference page, no more than 15% of the entire document can be direct quoted material. Any submission that fails to follow this requirement will not be accepted and the student will receive a grade of “Fail”.
The following grading criteria will be used to measure each student’s performance on the Applied Project.
Information gathering and analysis (30 maximum points)
Organization: (30 maximum points)
Theoretical Integration and Application: (40 maximum points)
NOTE: Failure to submit the problem, draft copies of your project by the required dates could reduce your final grade by a total of 20 points. The critiquing of your colleagues paper must be done.
Pass= 75 points or above
Fail = 74 points or below
Other than those papers that were developed within the Master of Science in Criminal Justice Program at Saint Leo University; no previously submitted papers, articles, reports or projects, in whole or in part, to any university or college will be accepted.
Academic dishonesty is representing another’s work as one’s own, active complicity in such falsification, or violating test conditions. Plagiarism is stealing and passing of ideas and words of another as one’s own or using the work of another without crediting the source.
The sanctions for academic dishonesty such as cheating on an examination, plagiarism, forgery of academic documents (including signing another’s name), the copying of computer programs or information, and similar offenses are as follows:
- The minimum sanction for the first offense is an “F” for the test or assignment, but the usual sanction is an “F” in the course where the violation took place.
- The minimum sanction for the second offense is an “F” in the course, but the usual sanction is suspension of the student from St. Leo University.
Student with Disabilities:
Students with disabilities, who need accommodation, should contact Amanda Becker in the Office of Disability Services (room #207, second floor of the Student Activities Building), 352-588-8464, or email email@example.com.
The use of Wikipedia as a resource for any assignment will not be accepted.
Critique of Papers
Assignments maybe critiqued by your professor on the message board. The critiques include areas of: deficiencies, needing improvement as well as positive attributes. The comments are to promote further student learning. No grade will be posted on any assignments where other students can see and will only be posted in the Gradebook within the class.
During the next 16 weeks, you will have three assignments that will require you to provide feedback to your classmates on their writing. These assignments are nothing more than an attempt to provide constructive feedback as well as provide learning to the individual doing the critique. Below is the list of assignments that will require critiquing.
|Assignment||Original to be Posted||Critique to be posted|
|Post Problem||No later than May6||No later than May 8|
|Post Factors||No later than May 13||No later than May 15|
|Post Draft 1||No later than June 3||No later than June 5|
|Post Draft 2||No later than July 1||No later than July 3|
|Post Draft 3||No later than July 22|
|Post Final Paper||No later than August 9|
The process for critiquing is simple as long as each of you read the requirements. Each critique will be done in Microsoft Track Changes and will be posted the following week on the message board in the area identified as “Critique of Problem, Critique of Draft 1 and Critique of Draft 2”.
- By Wednesday of Week #1 you are to locate a partner within the class to work with on critiquing each other’s paper.
- When you post your assignment, for example: Post Problem on the discussion board, you are to post it as an attachment using Microsoft Word. I will review your paper and I will make comments, but these comments will be general in nature.
- You will then download your partner’s paper and begin to critique it using Microsoft Word Track Changes. You will be looking for grammatical errors, content errors, APA formatting errors and scholarly writing. Your critique is to be complete, as you will be graded on how well you provided feedback.
- You will post the critique on the message board in the area identified as “Critique of ____”. The area will always be listed under the section that was posted.
- The individual that has been critiqued will be able to review the comments and hopefully gain further insight and learning. The paper is NOT to be redone or reposted. The critique is only for your information.
I do not want anyone taking the critiquing personal. This is strictly being used to provide critical feedback to your work. As a graduate student, you will be evaluated on your writing and these assignments will hopefully prepare you for this journey and enable you to become better. I do not want to see sarcasm or derogatory wording by the individual critiquing. If you read your paper and do not agree with the assessment, you can converse with your partner if you wish. There is no need to have a discussion or to do a reprint. Any comments made on your papers do not have to be accepted—meaning that you do not have to make the suggested changes. Again, the comments are to be used as a tool.
It is my sincere hopes that this process will assist you in two ways: Learning how to develop a quality paper and identify potential problems in your own writing.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ADMINISTRATIVE POSITION PAPER
- Each student must turn in their Administrative Position Paper on your scheduled date. One letter grade will be deducted automatically for each week a Position Paper is late.
- The Administrative Position Paper must be no less than twelve (12) discussion pages but no more than sixteen (16) discussion pages in length. Margins which are too wide will reduce your page count.
- The Administrative Position Paper must be completed in Microsoft Word (products such as Word Pad, Word Perfect and other similar software will not be accepted), typed and double-spaced, using Times New Roman font, size 12 pts, and one-inch margins.
- While extensive research is not the object of the Administrative Position Paper, students shall use and list no less than fifteen (15) different scholarly reference sources, using a standard APA** format. Multiple uses of a single source reference will detract from your grade. Only one website is allowed. No news sources are acceptable.
- Students are expected to use proper grammar and punctuation.
- Proper APA** style citations must be used.
- No more than 15% percent of the paper can be QUOTED material. This paper is designed to be the author’s original work.
- All facts must be cited with an in-text citation.
- References- You are not permitted to use material that is any earlier that 2004 in this paper. Information before that date may not be relevant today.
- The Administrative Position Paper Format must be followed exactly as described herein.
You are required to submit within the first week of class, and no later than midnight (Eastern Time), May 6, 2019, the Problem section of your project. The Problem is to be posted on the discussion board (found under the activities tab) in the area designated as “POST PROBLEM STATEMENT HERE”.
Attach the Problem in a Microsoft Word document.
FACTORS BEARING ON THE PROBLEM
You are required to submit an attachment in Microsoft Word to the discussion board that includes, both the problem statement and the factors bearing on the problem by May 13, 2019. The Factors Bearing on the Problem link on the discussion board.
DRAFT #1 SUBMISSION:
You are required to submit an attachment a Partial Draft Submission #1 which is a copy of your project that includes the following: The Problem and Factors Bearing on the Problem, and as much as is completed of the discussion by June 3, 2019. The Partial Draft Submission #1 is to be posted on the message board in the area designated as “POST DRAFT #1 HERE”.
Post should include: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion (whatever has been done) and Annotated References – DO NOT INCLUDE A CONCLUSION or ACTION RECOMMENDED. You will number them as outlined in the submission requirements. I am not expecting that these two are completed, but what I am looking for is the formation of your paper. The Partial Draft Submission #1 does two things, it allows you to begin to put your thoughts on paper and it allows me to review your progress. Any comments made by me to you will be communicated in a reply email.
You are required that during all of the drafts you color coat each of the factors a different color, other than the color “RED” or an extremely bright color like “YELLOW”. Then when you research each factor, the information that you write on the factor, within the discussion section, the font matches that color of the factor. This way, you can see how much information you have on each factor and it is a good way to judge what resources or information is needed. Remember the final submission should contain the colors. If this is not clear, please get with your instructor.
DRAFT #2 SUBMISSION:
You are required to submit an attachment a Partial Draft Submission #2 which is a copy of your project that includes the following: The Problem and Factors Bearing on the Problem, and as much as is completed of the discussion by July 1, 2019. The Partial Draft Submission #2 is to be posted on the message board in the area designated as “POST DRAFT #2 HERE”.
Post should include: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion (whatever has been done) and Annotated References – DO NOT INCLUDE A CONCLUSION or ACTION RECOMMENDED. You will number them as outlined in the submission requirements. I am not expecting that these four items be completed, but what I am looking for is the formation flow of your paper. The Partial Draft Submission #2 does two things, it allows you to begin to put your thoughts on paper and it allows me to review your progress. Any comments made by me to you will be communicated in a reply email.
DRAFT #3 TURNITIN SUBMISSION:
You are required to submit a draft copy of your project by July 22, 2019, to the assignment board located under the activities tab, identified by DRAFT #3 ONLY (DO NOT POST TO DRAFT #3 ONLY/REVISION 1) and on the Message Board in the area identified as “Post Draft #3.” This draft copy must follow the project guidelines set forth in the Administrative Position Paper requirements. The Second Reader will not critique your draft Administrative Position Paper.
Post should include: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion, and Conclusion (include Action Recommended) and Annotated References.
No Later than, August 9, 2019 you are required to:
- Post final copy of the Administrative Position Paper to the Message Board in the area marked “POST FINAL PAPER” to the assignment board under the activities tab and to Chalk and Wire. The Chalk and Wire submission is located in Module 8 and titled “Administrative Position Paper”. Your paper will be graded ONLY in Chalk and Wire, therefore, If you do not SUBMIT to CHALK and WIRE you will receive an “F” Failure grade for this assignment—NO EXCEPTIONS.
NO CREDIT IS GIVEN IF THESE REQUIREMENTS ARE NOT FOLLOWED BY THE SPECIFIED DATES.
Administrative Position Paper Definition
The Administrative Position Paper defined as “the overview of a problem and the presentation of a proposed solution(s) for others to consider.”
Steps to Follow
The student’s task is to place yourself in the position of a member of a Criminal Justice planning staff; to review an approved agency problem; to summarize some research on the topic, and to write a paper for a chief or other criminal justice executive to act on. You must provide one or more recommended solutions for the problem you select.
Your writing must be clear and concise so the criminal justice executive can readily understand the problem, review the facts, comprehend the reasoning behind the solution/recommendations and be prepared to take action. Your research must reflect high academic quality.
The Administrative Position Paper Format – DO NOT DEVIATE FROM THIS FORMAT
The Administrative Position Paper must have a cover page using the APA format:
– Running Head: DESCRIPTOR (Top Left- shorter than title)
– Page Number (Top Right)
– Title of your Administrative Position Paper
– Your name
(Note- DO NOT include anything else on your paper)
The cover sheet does not count in the total number of pages required.
The remainder of the format for the Administrative Position Paper is divided into five (5) sections as follows: Use Roman Numerals to identify the five (5) sections, use capital letters to identify paragraphs (or factors in section II)
- The Problem
The statement of the problem tells the criminal justice executive what the difficulty is; what problem is to be solved. No discussion is necessary at this point. In later sections you will be elaborating on the facts, issues, solutions, etc.
The Problem does not count in the total number of pages required.
- Factors Bearing on the Problem
This section includes facts or statements of truth which can be substantiated. For example, “The average education level of the police officer in this city is 14.5 years (or high school plus 2 1/2 years college).” Another example might be, “Last year the citizens of this county only reported 200 crimes in progress to the police” or “the jail population averaged 20% above maximum capacity in fiscal year 1983/84.”
List each fact separately. (Use bullets to identify factors, however each factor MUST be a complete sentence). Each bullet item must ONLY be two sentences. You are to have 4 factors and if you require more, you must get permission from your instructor. Also, you must have an introductory statement to this section explaining what the section means. This introduction must be 2 -3 sentence ONLY. As an example the introduction statement could be: This section of the paper will identify the four (4) issues that are directly related to the problem.
Also at the end of the listed factors, the student must list any assumptions which lend weight to their final recommendation/solutions. Example: Assumption- It is assumed that if the victims of crimes are compensated for their time spent testifying in court, more citizens will be willing to become involved in prosecutions; or, it is assumed that better trained officers will be able to more effectively communicate with the public. The assumption goes after the last factor. The assumption must not be any more than four (4) complete sentences.
You are to color each of the factors. Then when you are writing your information on a factor in the discussion section, you color the wording to match the factor. This way you have a clear visual on how much information you have written on the topic. You may keep the colors on the paper for each of the submissions, except the final submission.
The Factors do not count in the total number of pages required.
The discussion section is the “meat and potatoes” of the Administrative Position Paper. It contains the critical analysis of the problem and all possible factors researched. This is the critical area for the student to show the professor and your administrator you have done your research properly. This is the longest section. Cite all facts by using in-text citations. Nothing in the Discussion Section should contain personal knowledge, experience, or opinion from the author. Only facts—and —each fact must be formatted with an in-text citation according to the APA format. Do not uses case studies and if you are going to use a personal communication, you are only permitted to use one and it should be no more than one (1) short paragraph. No charts, diagrams, case studies or long quoted material is to be used in the Discussion area. If you need to use charts, diagrams, case studies or quotes, you must put them into an Appendix and only refer to them in the Discussion Section. Material must be paraphrased and provided a citation; however we will allow 15% of your entire paper to have quotes. If you are unsure of what the difference is between paraphrasing and direct quoted material, get with your instructor.
The Discussion does count in the total number of pages required. The Discussion should be no less than twelve (12) pages and no more than sixteen (16) pages.
Rule: Four (4) Factors- Each factor should have 3 to 4 pages for each one.
Now that you’ve shown how you reasoned through the problem, state a conclusion. The conclusion is nothing more than a brief statement of the best possible solution or solutions which you have described in detail in the Discussion section. You do not need to continue the discussion. You should not introduce new material in this section. Example: “Although new jails could be constructed to house more inmates, a new program of community custody for first offenders convicted of nonviolent crimes would prove more cost-effective.”
The Conclusion does count in the total number of pages required. The Conclusion should be only one (1) complete page.
. Action Recommended This section does not have a Roman Numeral and goes after the conclusion section. In this section you tell the instructor (and the criminal justice executive) what your final recommended action is. Alternate possible actions have already been reviewed in your Discussion section. You’re making a commitment to a single course of action. Example: “It is recommended that the city hire five more prosecuting attorneys and three more judges in order to make the court system more expedient.” You include several steps that must be done in support of your action recommended, including a time frame for possible action steps, and a budget if appropriate.
The Action Recommended does not count in the total number of pages required; however, it must not be less than two (2) pages. Be detailed in your assessment.
Finally, include a section entitled References which lists all of your references as an annotated references using the APA** format. If you are unfamiliar with how to write an annotated reference, please review the following website for this information http://www.library.cornell.edu/olinuris/ref/research/skill28.htm. The references must be in alphabetical order. Your paper WILL NOT be accepted if the references are not annotated.
The References do not count in the total number of pages required.
If applicable, must be located after the References and identified by letter.
The Appendix does not count in the total number of pages required.
Unlike traditional content-oriented courses, this final course represents a capstone requirement for the Master’s Degree in Criminal Justice Administration and as such is more independent in nature. Therefore, after agreement is reached between the professor and the student on the problem, in subsequent weeks, the student will conduct independent research, if appropriate develop a draft Administrative Position Paper and work on revisions suggested by the professor.
Collaborate Conference Calls: There will be Collaborate Sessions, which are non-mandatory and will be held at the below indicated dates and times. Each Collaborate Conference will last approximately one hour and you will be required to discuss your paper with your fellow students and me. While I serve as a mentor and facilitator, the student is ultimately responsible for the quality of their paper and the discussions that we have. It is your responsibility to understand the Collaborate system, BEFORE you join the conference call, therefore I would set up your computer in advance of the meeting.
We have a collaborate session on April 29, 2019 at 7:00pm. Please click the following link 15 minutes before to ensure that you have set up the software.
Important Term Dates:
April 29, 2019 Term Begins
April 29, 2019 First Collaborate Conference Call – 7:00 pm (Eastern Time)
May 1, 2019 Sign up for a Critique Partner Complete
May 6, 2019 Problem Due – Post on Message Board
May 8, 2019 Critique of Problem due – Post on Message Board
May 13, 2019 Factors Bearing on the Problem- Post on Message
May 13, 2019 Second Collaborate Conference Call – 7:00 pm (Eastern Time)
May 15, 2019 Critique-Factors on the Problem-Post on Message Board
June 3, 2019 Post Draft #1- Post on Message Board- Post should include: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion (whatever has been done) and References – DO NOT INCLUDE A CONCLUSION or ACTION RECOMMENDED
June 5, 2019 Critique of Draft #1- Post on Message Board
July 1, 2019 Post Draft #2- Post on Message Board- Post should include: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion (whatever has been done) and References – DO NOT INCLUDE A CONCLUSION or ACTION RECOMMENDED
July 3, 2019 Critique of Draft #2- Post on Message Board
July 22, 2019 Post Draft #3 Turnitin Submission–Post on Message Board and turnitin.com- Post should include: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion (whatever has been done), Conclusion and References, your instructor will critique in Grademark or Track Changes
August 9, 2019 Post Final Project – Message Board & www.turnitin.com
Post should includes: Cover Page, Problem, Factors Bearing on the Problem, Discussion, and Conclusion (include Action Recommended) and References
August 18, 2019 Semester Ends- Grades Entered