AAMU Unit 6 Reading Quiz: Clev Chas 24-26

  • Question 1

1 out of 1 points

Although Iran sits on top of one of the world’s largest known oil reserves, its weak refining capacity means that it must import gasoline to meet its own domestic needs.
Selected Answer: True
Answers: True
False
  • Question 2

1 out of 1 points

As of 2011, the United States has shown moral, fiscal, and military support for all of the democratic uprisings in the Middle East.
Selected Answer: False
Answers: True
False
  • Question 3

0 out of 1 points

Four years after Ahmadinejad’s post-electoral challenge by the Green Movement, change has ensued in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
Selected Answer:  

Iran has entered into a nuclear agreement with China, Russia, the US, the UK, France, and Germany

Answers: Iran has entered into a nuclear agreement with China, Russia, the US, the UK, France, and Germany
The reformist opposition celebrated the election of its own presidential candidate, Hassan Rouhani
Iran’s relations with the West, in particular with the US, have begun to thaw to a degree unprecedented since prior to 1979
 

Iran’s relations with Saudi Arabia have improved to levels unseen since the 1990 Gulf War

  • Question 4

1 out of 1 points

Groups like the Muslim Brotherhood made greater gains than secular opposition parties in the parliamentary election process because of their well-established regional networks and organized party structures.
Selected Answer: True
Answers: True
False
  • Question 5

1 out of 1 points

How did the 2009 Green Movement in Iran differ from previous reform movements in Iran’s contemporary history?
Selected Answer:  

Youths were able to circumvent state communication restrictions and use social networks to mobilize antiregime demonstrations

Answers: Youths rallied behind individual leaders
 

Youths were able to circumvent state communication restrictions and use social networks to mobilize antiregime demonstrations

The older generations were at the heart of the opposition movement; they rallied for a return to the shah’s regime
The 2009 movement was pro-Ahmadinejad, but anti-religious orders, particularly the supreme Islamist jurist
  • Question 6

1 out of 1 points

How did the Council of Guardians ensure a majority of conservative Majlis members in the 2004 elections in Iran?
Selected Answer:  

The Council of Guardians purged the selection of candidates by disqualifying more than 2,000 reformists

Answers: The Council of Guardians funded many conservative candidates
The Council of Guardians did not allow large swaths of the country-in particular, its more liberal big cities-to cast votes
 

The Council of Guardians purged the selection of candidates by disqualifying more than 2,000 reformists

The Council of Guardians canceled the elections due to terrorist threats and then filled the Majlis with their chosen candidates
  • Question 7

1 out of 1 points

In Iran, the supreme Islamic jurist does not have the power to override decisions of the Council of Guardians.
Selected Answer: False
Answers: True
False
  • Question 8

1 out of 1 points

In Syria, as with many authoritarian regimes, what did the increased and ongoing repression indicate?
Selected Answer:  

It was a sign of desperation from an increasingly isolated regime that saw no alternative to imposing its rule

Answers:  

It was a sign of desperation from an increasingly isolated regime that saw no alternative to imposing its rule

It was a sign of military might and superiority
It was an effort by the regime to hold the crumbling state together and not risk civil war
It indicated the promise of protection the regime swore to its citizens in the face of the violent rebellious uprisings led by a minority group
  • Question 9

1 out of 1 points

In Turkey, the True Path Party’s policies benefited the group that became known as “the have lots.”
Selected Answer: True
Answers: True
False
  • Question 10

1 out of 1 points

In which state did the national army show an immediate readiness to kill demonstrators?
Selected Answer:  

Syria

Answers: Egypt
Tunisia
 

Syria

All of these are correct.
  • Question 11

1 out of 1 points

Instead of the national military, to retain his power Qaddafi relied on the elite units comprised of tribal allies and led by members of his family. Why?
Selected Answer:  

The national military had been kept weak to prevent any coup attempts

Answers: The national military defected en masse
Large swaths of national military members were killed by NATO attacks early in the uprising
 

The national military had been kept weak to prevent any coup attempts

The national military was already spread too thin, as Qaddafi had troops stationed in many neighboring countries
  • Question 12

1 out of 1 points

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad won the 2009 presidential election by a landslide, amidst allegations of vote-rigging and fraud.
Selected Answer: True
Answers: True
False
  • Question 13

1 out of 1 points

Oil-rich Gulf monarchies sought to avoid Tunisian and Egyptian style protests with a strategy that combined ____________.
Selected Answer:  

co-option and coercion

Answers: military force and economic repression
 

co-option and coercion

leniency and liberalization
military force and isolationism
  • Question 14

1 out of 1 points

Regimes in the region had over the past several decades, increasingly become half gumhuriya and half malakiya, meaning
Selected Answer:  

half republic, half monarchy

Answers:  

half republic, half monarchy

half democracy, half dictatorship
half Islamist, half secular
half legitimate, half illegitmate
  • Question 15

1 out of 1 points

The 1,000 Lebanese deaths as a result of the 2006 Second Lebanon War were largely military personnel.
Selected Answer: False
Answers: True
False
  • Question 16

0 out of 1 points

The Shi’a majority of Bahrain posed a challenge to the Sunni ruling al-Khalifa family. Which two powers aided Bahrain in silencing this opposition movement?
Selected Answer:  

The United States and Saudi Arabia

Answers: Iran and the United Arab Emirates
 

Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates

The United States and Saudi Arabia
Qatar and Saudi Arabia
  • Question 17

1 out of 1 points

The Syrian regime filled key positions in the state apparatus with various ethnic and religious minorities-this effort had long afforded the state some degree of legitimacy.
Selected Answer: False
Answers: True
False
  • Question 18

1 out of 1 points

The most credible opposition to failing Arab regimes came from Islamists, either as militant radical minorities or, increasingly, as moderate centrists who work within the system to reform society.
Selected Answer: True
Answers: True
False
  • Question 19

1 out of 1 points

Unlike the police force, the conscript army originally had some legitimacy as a force for national unity in Egypt.
Selected Answer: True
Answers: True
False
  • Question 20

1 out of 1 points

What about the AKP caused the military establishment and defeated politicians in Turkey the most concern?
Selected Answer:  

The party’s Islamic complexion

Answers:  

The party’s Islamic complexion

Its rejection of established political parties
Its leftist welfare policies
Its leader Erdogan’s past policies towards the Kurds

 

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